GLOBALISATION OF STONE TOOLS AND
BEGINNINGS OF MECHANICAL PROCESSING
Igor Čatić1, Maja Rujnić Sokele1 and Ivor Karavanić21Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb
2Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb
Received: 12. October 2010. Accepted: 20. December 2010.
Based on research on influence of rubber and plastics on globalization, an interesting
question arose: can we define the first globalization way of material culture? Manufacturing of first stone tools can be seen
at the site of Gona, Ethiopia (dated to 2,6 million years ago), followed by several sites including the evidence from West
Turkana in Kenya (2,74 - 1.94 million years ago), Olduvai in Tanzania and Sterkfontain in South Africa (2 - 1,6 million years
ago). The products found at the sites were simple stone choppers, chopping tools and flakes.
We used synthesiological approach and combined the knowledge from archaeology, production technology and the field of polymers in order to approach the interesting question relating to the aforementioned finds: for which purpose these tools were used? Firstly, the manufactured stone tools were used for procedures such as breaking of the natural polymers: e.g. crushing of the larger bones in order to obtain the marrow, and for butchering of animals.
globalisation, Stone tools Road, mechanical processing, natural polymers
JEL: B19, O14
Full paper as pdf version.